Rule in Kienapple

The rule in Kienapple prevents multiple convictions for the same criminal act. It is based on the legal maxim “nemo bis vexari as well as nemo bis puniri”, which means “no-one shall be tried or punished twice in regards to the same event.” In instances where an accused is convicted […]

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Conditional and Absolute Discharges in Canadian Criminal Law

When a person is convicted at trial or enters a guilty plea, he or she will receive one of the following sentences: discharge – absolute or conditional suspended sentence fine alone fine and probation conditional sentence order prison prison and probation intermittent sentence intermittent sentence and probation The sentence an […]

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Winnipeg Drug Treatment Court

The first drug treatment court (DTC) was established in Toronto in 1998. The idea was to bring together professional treatment services for those involved in the criminal justice system in order to effectively address offenders’ drug additions. Soon after a drug treatment court was developed in Vancouver, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Ottawa […]

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How do I withdraw a guilty plea?

Sometimes in our law courts, accused individuals enter guilty pleas then later wish to have the guilty plea withdrawn. A guilty plea is a formal admission of guilt. When an accused enters a guilty plea they are waiving their right to require the Crown to prove the offence beyond a […]

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What is a Record Suspension (formally known as a Pardon)?

Having a criminal record can make someone feel like a chained prisoner. It can affect employment opportunities and travel to foreign countries. A record suspension, previously known as a pardon, allows individuals convicted of a criminal offence that have shown themselves to be law-abiding citizens to have their criminal record […]

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What is a Youth Criminal Record?

The youth criminal justice system is separate and apart from that of their adult counterparts. We treat youth differently than adults due to their reduced maturity. This includes providing youth with enhanced procedural safeguards and focusing on rehabilitation. The Youth Criminal Justice Act is designed to protect the privacy of […]

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